When Europeans first came to this area in the late 1700’s they were amazed to find so many giant earthworks in the Chillicothe area. 32146 North Missouri Route 122 660-886-7537 • MoStateParks.com This site provided the greatest set, both in quality and quantity, of artistic Hopewell objects ever discovered. The Sibley Site was found in the 1960s by an amateur archaeologist, Claude Knoles. Woodward, Susan L., and Jerry N. McDonald. It is a multi-component site with Kansas City Hopewell (ca. I It was added to the National Historic Register on April 16, 1969. Archeologists estimated that the walls were originally 35 feet wide at the base and enclosed an area of 111 acres. When the mounds were first discovered in the 1840s, they were located in a thick wooded area. Even when compared to all of the other astonishing prehistoric earthworks in the Chillicothe area, Hopewell Mound Group stands out in many regards. Hopewell culture probably originated in Illinois sometime between 500 BC and 300 BC and spread to Ohio where it reached its fluorescence. The majority of their diet seems to have come from wild resources such as seeds, nuts, deer, raccoon, and turkey. The site was named after the Hopewell family who owned the site in the 1890s when the site was excavated. 1848: Ephraim Squier and Edwin Davis draw the most famous map of the site and include it in their groundbreaking work Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley, the first book ever published by the Smithsonian Institution. The mound group itself was named for the family who owned the earthworks at the time. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Hopewell, KS. Radiocarbon dates indicate the mound was built at about the time the Hopewell culture was branching off from the Adena. The people of the Hopewell culture built immense structures, often out of earth, whose purpose remains a source of debate among archaeologists. They also discover a new 90-foot diameter circular earthwork within the great enclosure (the smaller circle on the map between Mounds 2 and 23). This site is an intensively occupied Hopewell village on river terrace remnants. The people of this period started to live in small hamlets with two to three families and began to rely on more on agriculture. This is the largest known mound constructed by the Hopewell culture, and a remnant of it is visible today. A Marksville culture mound site, located in La Salle Parish, Loui… 1820: Caleb Atwater draws the first map of these earthworks. See map below for layout of trail and parking lot access. Tejas > Caddo Fundamentals > Spiro and the Arkansas Basin [4], The Cloverdale archaeological site is situated at the mouth of a small valley that opens into the Missouri River Valley, near St.Joseph, Missouri. Saved by The Encyclopedia of Ancient Giants in North America. Two thousand years ago, people of an advanced culture gathered here to conduct religious rituals and ceremonies related to their society. 16062 State Route 104 Within its walls was the largest burial mound the Hopewell people ever built: Mound 25 was 500 feet long and 33 feet high. It is part of a larger earthworks complex, the Portsmouth Earthworks, located across the Ohio River in Portsmouth, Ohio. https://www.nps.gov/hocu/learn/historyculture/hopewell-mound-group.htm The Hopewell used these earthworks as ceremonial centers, social gathering places, trading posts, and places of worship. Today, the discovered artifacts are stored or displayed at the Ohio Historical Center in Columbus. The artifacts were often made of exotic materials not found in Ohio. The Eastern Woodland cultures built burial mounds for important people such as these of the Hopewell tradition in Ohio. 1980: Archeologist Mark Seeman of Kent State University accurately relocates most of the mounds through aerial photography and surface survey. [3], The Renner Village Archeological Site in Riverside, Missouri is one of several sites near the junction of Line Creek and the Missouri River. By this time, the only part of the earthworks left intact is the wall and adjacent ditch on the north side of the great enclosure. Remnants of the east, west, and north walls are visible. The Hopewell Indians were known as superior crafts­men who created some of the finest works of art in the prehistoric Americas. When Squier and Davis began surveying the site in 1846, the farmer owning the land had cleared the woods and was beginning to farm the land damaging many … The Trowbridge site near Kansas City is close to the western limit of the Hopewell. pp.264, "Trowbridge (14WY1) is an archaeological site located near Kansas City, Kansas", List of archaeological periods (North America), Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kansas_City_Hopewell&oldid=964378553, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 June 2020, at 04:43. Chillicothe, OH Hopewell Cemetery Location Mound Valley, Labette County , Kansas , USA Show Map Unfortunately, this fabulous earthwork complex fell victim to the same fate that claimed nearly all of the many renowned earthwork complexes of southern Ohio. 1200 CE) occupation. It is however uncertain whether this culture developed locally when people adopted Hopewell traits, or if westward migrating Hopewell people brought it all with them.[2]. Displays tell the history of the Otoe-Missouria, Osage, Delaware, Ioway, Ilini-Peoria, Kanza, Kickapoo, Sac and Fox, and Shawnee tribes. The Hopewell culture left behind incredible mounds that appear to have been used for ceremonial purposes and burials. The abundance and exquisite craftsmanship of the artifacts enthralls visitors at the exposition and the concept of the “Hopewell Culture” is born. Information on visiting the site today. All sites and areas of Hopewell Culture National HIstorical Park (even parking lots) are included. There are two known Kansas City Hopewell sites in the Fort Osage Park. Hopewell mounds. Hopewell, KS Directions {{::location.tagLine.value.text}} Sponsored Topics. Mound 25 at the Hopewell Earthworks is at the heart of what many archaeologists mean when they use the term Hopewell. Many of the most famous images of the Hopewell culture are from the objects found at this site: the mica bird claw the copper bear paw, and the mica hand with its elongated fingers stretching upward. Consequently, a remarkable American Indian culture, which is believed to have stretched from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, is named after an otherwise obscure Chillicothe land owner. Shetrone, H. C. "Explorations of the Hopewell Group of Prehistoric Earthworks," Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, 1-227, 1926. Research suggests the Kansas City Hopewell culture originated due to a migration of people from the Lower Illinois Valley areas, or alternatively, developed in situ. Paddlewheel of the Arabia located at the Arabia Steamboat Museum in Kansas City. Traditionally, the appearance of pottery, mound burial, horticulture, storage features, and the bow-and-arrow have defined the Woodland period in the Central Great Plains. Bikes are only permitted on the bike path, not on the interpretive trail. It contains the most impressive burials, altars, and artifact deposits, in terms of both quantity and quality, of all of the Hopewell mounds, in Ohio and beyond. Sites were located in Kansas and Missouri around the mouth of the Kansas River where it enters the Missouri River. 1891-92: Warren Moorehead excavates to find artifacts for the 1893 “World’s Columbian Exposition” in Chicago. It flourished from about 200 bce to 500 ce chiefly in what is now southern Ohio, with related groups in Michigan, Wisconsin, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Pennsylvania, and New York. [6], Archaeology of Native North America, 2010, Dean R. Snow, Prentice-Hall, New York. The site contains Hopewell and succeeding Middle Mississippianremains. Hopewell Mound Group has a 2.5 mile interpretive trail and a portion of the Rails-To-Trails bike path. 1 Their original size is estimated to be 500 feet long, 180 feet wide, and 30 feet tall. 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