On 7 January 1915 for Corporate Aeronautico Militare renamed Air Fleet remained formally continue the engineer corps (Arma del Genio) assumed seemed to Colonel Maurizio Mario Moris as inspector general for the aircraft being in the War Office. (Image credit: Marina Militare) The Cavour aircraft carrier will carry out F-35B STOVL (Short Take Off … Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The Macchi C.200 and Fiat G.50 were the best available but were still slower than modern Allied fighters. The Italian Air Force’s acquisition of the new aircraft is an important step forward in the modernization of its fleet, with the M-345 replacing the MB-339A in Air Force’s second and third military pilot training phases. Between the early 1900s to the late 1930s, Italy created a premier air force. The approximately 120,000-strong Regia Aeronautica was divided into five Air Corps during the war. However, this was not to happen. Italian Air Force Mustangs are exceedingly rare, with only one complete example currently believed to exist (MM 4324/44-73451 at the Italian Air Force Museum in Vigna di Valle), so MM 4309, as wrecked as it is, represents a significant find. One of the YEC-27J aircraft, the one registered MM62224, has recently “broken cover” making the January shot on the Italian Air Force 2021 calendar, whose main theme is the out-of-area operations and shows also the F-35 deployed to Iceland, the Tornado in Kuwait, the G550 CAEW at Nellis AFB for Red Flag, etc. Sep 4, 2017 - Explore James Newsom's board "Italian World War 2 Aircraft" on Pinterest. In these two countries, which had a big attack from Ethiopia in a pincer movement, the Regia Aeronautica had provisions for the operations and started the first operations with no less than 83 new airports:29 in Eritrea and 54 in Somalia. Russia She had a prominent role in modern military history of Italy and its aerobatic display team is the Frecce Tricolori. In July 2002, the Italian Air Force signed a contract with Panavia to provide a mid-life upgrade (MLU) for 18 Tornado IDS aircraft. The CAI achieved only very limited successes and in December 1940, were largely withdrawn to Greece. … The Italians were pioneers in the aviation industry. The 28th of March 1923, was the official launch date of the Regia Aeronautica Italiana. In the summer of 1941 an Italian expeditionary force, the Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia "(Corpo di Spedizione Italiano in Russia, or CSIR)" was sent to the Soviet Union. The Air Service (Corpo Aeronautico Militare) operated balloons based near Rome. Battle of Britain Most of the aircraft were wiped out following the collapse of the ARMIR following the Soviet's Operation Saturn which resulted in the destruction of the Italian 8th Army, south of Stalingrad in December 1942. By the fall of 1942 it suffered heavily over the battlefield of El Alamein and losses were never recovered by Regia Aeronautica. The following is a list of aircraft used by Italian Air Force (Aeronautica Militare) since its … In northern Italy, the National Republican Air Force ("Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana, or ANR") flew for the Italian Social Republic and the Axis. Back to main article. From this auspicious beginnings, it appeared that Italiy would be a formitable adversary in any future war, with thousands of then modern planes ready for war. Early on, the fighters available to both sides were primarily older biplanes with Italian Fiat CR.32 and Fiat CR.42s flying against British Gloster Gladiators. There are a total of [ 58 ] WW2 Italian Aircraft entries in the Military Factory. The ACI was formed in southern Italy in October 1943 after the Italian Armistice in September. By the end of 1943, 281 Italian warplanes had landed at Allied airfields, but most were no longer useful for combat. Italy contributed to the Battle of Britain providing aircraft to assist the Luftwaffe. Initially, the Western Desert Campaign was a near equal struggle between the Regia Aeronautica and the British Royal Air Force (RAF). The ACI was formed in southern Italy in October 1943 after the Italian Armistice in September. It was established as a service independent of the Royal Italian Army from 1923 until 1946. Italy sent more modern equipment to North Africa, including the Macchi C.200 and a few months later, the improved Macchi C.202. An Italian Air Force G550 CAEW landing at Nellis AFB during Red Flag. Photo: Leonardo The Italian Air Force has a requirement for up to 45 aircraft to gradually replace its 137 … Split between different division or brigade commands were 6 fighter squadrons of CR.32, CR.42, G.50 and C.200, 23 bomber squadrons of BR.20, Z.1007, SM.79 and SM.81, 2 maritime bombers of Z.506, 2 squadrons of Ca.310 and Ba.88, 37 flying units to support the army, 20 in support of the Navy and other units in the colonies. The CR.42 biplane, which had until April 1941 fought sometimes with remarkable success against British Hawker Hurricane’s were, as a result of 50 and 100-kilogram bombs used for close air support.Back to Top Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Retirement Origin ; Aerfer Ariete: 3 : 1958 : 19?? The ANR pilots flew with the Axis. From 25 October 1940, some 170 Italian planes (including 73 Fiat Br.20 bombers) were sent to occupied Belgium to form the Italian Air Corps "(Corpo Aereo Italiano, or CAI)" to participate in the Battle of Britain. The Regia Aeronautica was succeeded by 'Aeronautica Militare' when Italy became a Republic on 2 June 1946. Without doubt, one of top ranking Western air forces is the Aeronautica Militare Italiana (AMI - Italian Air Force), rich of history and traditions, and in this day and age committed to both national and international operations worldwide. Just before the Allied invasion, a huge Allied bomber offensive struck the airfields in Sicily in an effort to gain further air superiority. 10°Gruppo, 4°Stormo, Aeronautica Cobelligerante del Sud, 20°Gruppo, 51°Stormo, Aeronautica Cobelligerante del Sud, Leverano (, 28°Gruppo, Stormo Baltimore, Southern Italy (, This page was last edited on 6 August 2019, at 22:45. Italy had fought in a number of campaigns, both alone and with the Germans. The Italian Air Force’s acquisition of the new aircraft is an important step forward in the modernization of its fleet, with the M-345 replacing the MB-339A in Air Force’s second and third military pilot training phases. 133 Ca.312 aquitted themselves successfully, despite the most adverse conditions during the winter months. This was to avoid any possible encounter between Italian-manned aircraft fighting on opposite sides. The Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica Italiana) was the name of the air force of the Kingdom of Italy.It was established as a service independent of the Royal Italian Army from 1923 until 1946. During the entire history of ACI, no encounter, let alone combat, was ever reported between ACI and ANR aircraft. In the spring of 1942 the C.202 supplied the 3rd and 4th Squadrons, a decisive contribution to limited air supremacy over North Africa. The Italian Air Force has received the first two M-345 jet trainer from Leonardo. The Italian Air Force has manage to keep pace with European developments and showcases a modern air service. The M-345 has also been chosen as the new aircraft of the Italian Air Force’s acrobatic team, the “Frecce Tricolori”. They flew more than 8,500 combat missions, which improved on the one hand, to a certain degree the training of the crew, on the other hand reinforced the illusion that Italy had continued as an equal with the strongest air forces. Italy was among the earliest adopters of military aviation. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Italy was at the forefront of aerial warfare: during the colonization of Libya in 1911, it made the first reconnaissance flight in history on 23 October, and the first ever bombing raid on 1 November. The Air Force was to be equipped with the finest equipment the aircraft industry could provide. Italy brought in this second war, the largest colonial forces of history ever used. When ceasefire on 4 November 1918 the Air Force had grown to 10,348 men, including 5,100 pilots (of which about 500 Americans), 500 observers, 100 pilots shooters. See more ideas about aircraft, wwii aircraft, italian air force. Mussolini then withdrew what remained of his 8th Army from Russian soil. The aircraft’s TACAN (tactical air navigation) system is the AD2770 from BAE Systems or the Alcatel SEL AG Sector-TACAN. Italian WW2 Aircraft This category provides a detailed overview and specifications of the many aircraft of the Regia Aeronautica Italiana (Royal Italian Air Force). Following renovation work, and a period of closure due to Covid-19, the Italian Air Force Museum at Vigna di Valle is set to reopen to the public on October 31st. The last successful actions of the Italian Air Force were mostly on the account of the torpedo bombers, which in 1942 together with German forces attacked the convoys Vigorous, Harpoon and Pedestal. The Air Force, as it was renamed by June 1946, in the immediate post-war period depended exclusively on the Allies supplies, who provided hundreds of airplanes to refit front-line units. (Image credit: Troupe Azzurra/ItAF) The program aims to get two fully … A Tornado IDS of the Aeronautica Militare (Italian Air Force) was shot down on Jan. 18, 1991, during Italy’s first mission in Operation Desert Storm. At least two airplanes remained in service with the Italian Air Force until the mid ’50s. The following is a list of military aircraft currently used by the four branches of the Italian Armed Forces: Italian Army, Italian Navy, Italian Air Force, and Carabinieri Contents 1 Air Force The ACI formed the basis of the post-war Air Force of the Italian Republic (Aeronautica Militare Italiana). The M-345 has also been chosen as the new aircraft of the Italian Air Force’s acrobatic team, the “Frecce Tricolori”. Losses suffered during the conflict consisted of 3,007 dead or missing, 2,731 wounded and 9,873 prisoners of war. By the end of February 1943, the rout of the ARMIR was complete. They were divided into two flying groups, the (22 ° and 61 ° Gruppo, in 1942, 21 ° and 71 ° Gruppo). The Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force (Aviazione Cobelligerante Italiana, or ACI), or Air Force of the South (Aeronautica del Sud), was the air force of the Royalist " Badoglio government" in southern Italy during the last years of World War II. The CSIR had the following aircraft available to it:Macchi C.200 Saetta fighters, Caproni Ca.311 light reconnaissance-bombers, and Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 “Bat" (Pipistrello) tri-motor transports. In 1940 the Italian Air Force was divided into four Territorial Air Zones which covered metropolitan Italy and five overseas Commands. The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF). 49 Squadriglie operated at the front, including 13 bombers, 22 reconnaissance squadrons. On the 28th of October 1940 Italy attacked Greece. Combat aircraft, or "Warplanes", are divided broadly into multi-role, fighters, bombers, attackers, and electronic warfare support. Technical assistance provided by its German ally did little to improve the situation. After the Italian armistice, Regia Aeronautica was briefly followed by two new Italian air forces. In 1946, the monarchy was abolished and the Kingdom of Italy became the Italian Republic, whereupon the name of the air force changed to Aeronautica Militare Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The sides were fairly evenly matched, but the Italian Air Force was worn down in a battle of attrition. There until early 1943, aircraft of the types Macchi C.200's, C.202s, SM.82, BR.20, and approx. A small part of the Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) remained under German control. Il Sole 24 ORE (2013-06-19). With a paper strength of 3,296 machines, only 2,000 were fit for operations, of which just 166 were modern fighters. During World War I, the Italian Corpo Aeronautico Militare, then still p… There are a total of [ 29 ] individual aircraft entriesin the Active Italian Air Force Aircraft (2021)category in the Military Factory. The Italian Air Force, in Italian Aeronautica Militare is the air force of the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana). This chart has been last revised in September 2006 Some 5,201 aircraft were lost, while Italian fighter pilots claimed 4,293 aircraft destroyed, including 1,771 destroyed on the ground. Italy declared war on France and on the 13th of June 1940 bombed of the French naval port of Toulon by the 13th BR.20 Squadron. This was known as the National Republican Air Force (Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana, or ANR), ostensibly part of the forces of Benito Mussolini's Fascist state in northern Italy, the Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana). Later, the balance of power would shift periodically as each side obtained improved aircraft. The battalion was flying just 15 Squadriglie(Squadrons) when the war began consisting of 135 pilots and 86 aircraft, which provide for the use of twelve frontline Squadriglie with 75 aircraft. Italian pilots fought on to the bitter end until the last aircraft was shot down on 24 October 1941. The last mission of Regia Aeronautica before the truce with the allies was the defence during the (USAAF) bombing on Frascati—Rome on September 8, 1943. These are the first two of 18 aircraft that the service has ordered. We hope to have more details of … Learn how and when to remove this template message, Military history of Italy during World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Italian_Co-belligerent_Air_Force&oldid=909681346, Military units and formations of Italy in World War II, Military units and formations established in 1943, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The ACI never operated over Italian territory, its objectives being always in the Balkans (Yugoslavia or Albania). Participating in the Schneider Trophy air races in the 1930s, Italian industry was often at the forefront of aviation design. North Africa Featuring two new aircraft, the museum also reopens with a series of structural improvements aimed to offer visitors a … Together with the 1913 established naval aviators, it took part in the First World War, including France, the Balkans and North Africa. Aircraft of the Royal and Republican air forces never fought each other. Italian Aircraft Colours. When the campaign ended ten days later, Regia Aeronautica had lost ten aircraft and 24 men. Regia Aeronautica was put in a defensive role during the Sicilian Campaign. Spanish Civil War SM.81, SM.79 and BR.20 were used as bombers, Ro.41, CR.32 and new Fiat G.50s as fighters, Ba.65 as fighter-bomber and reconnaissance aircraft as Ro.37, along with some floatplanes which were Type Z .506. The Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force (Aviazione Cobelligerante Italiana, or ACI), or Air Force of the South (Aeronautica del Sud), was the air force of the Royalist "Badoglio government" in southern Italy during the last years of World War II. 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