The crossbeam, the. 6 St. Thomas Aquinas. What was the darkest day of mankind became the brightest day for mankind. The symbolism of water for the Holy Spirit becomes more evident in John 19:34: "But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately there came out blood and water." To view more free studies on the book of John, click here. The Synoptic Gospels narrated the horror of the event - the agony in the garden, the abandonment by his Apostles, the trial before the Sanhedrin, the intense mockery and torture heaped upon Jesus, his suffering all alone, the darkness over the land, and his death, starkly portrayed by both Matthew (27:47-51) and Mark (15:33-38). In saying these words … They are free! “I tell you the truth, today you will be … Our Lord’s seven sayings from the Cross are as follows: 1. In what ways does this prophetic psalm of David speak of the crucifixion of Christ? As soon as Pilate spoke the judgment against Jesus, the Roman soldiers led Him away. A deep crushing pain in the chest as the pericardium slowly fills with serum and begins to compress the heart. Revelation 21:5, "Jesus said to his mother: "Woman, this is your son." Amen! 20Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. 18There they crucified him, and with him two others—one on each side and Jesus in the middle. Here’s my humble contribution to the church community, to help save time with all the Holy Week preparations. How beautiful are the mercy and grace extended to us in those words! Like George Wilson, will you leave it on the table? 19You know how I am scorned, disgraced and shamed; all my enemies are before you. Come down from the cross, if you are the Son of God!" For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors (Isaiah 53:12). In the year 1829, a Philadelphia man named George Wilson robbed the U.S. Mail Service, killing someone in the process. 17Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). 6th Saying: "It is finished!" Seven Words. One may meditate on the Passion of Christ by reflecting on his Seven Words on the Cross or by a devotion known as The Way of the Cross. The words that I speak to you I do not speak on my own. Pilate realized it was out of envy that they handed him over (Matthew 27:18, Mark 15:10). I would remind you that salvation is bestowed to the believer as a gift, not by any works of righteousness we have done (Titus 3:5, Ephesians 2:8-9). Matthew 27:33-34 tells us that Jesus was given sour wine (vinegar) mingled with gall, a word used for a bitter substance. The traditional order of the sayings is: 1. Four Courts Press, Dublin, Ireland, 2001. The Lord was probably taken back into the Roman barracks, and a squad of four soldiers would have been assigned to crucify Him. The Sixth Saying – The Word of Victory. The sheriff was unwilling to enact the sentence—for how could he hang a pardoned man? John's Gospel related that it was the Day of Preparation, the day before the actual Sabbath Passover, that Jesus was sentenced to death (19:14) and sacrificed on the Cross (19:31). The leading Roman soldier would parade a sign with the reason for crucifixion. "Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.". Luke 23:46. Prayer: Father, thank You for Your great love and mercy, which You revealed in Christ Jesus and His great sacrifice for me. Whatever the reason for the grim name, it was a desolate place, i.e., a place of rejection outside the community reserved for punishment where the King of Heaven gave Himself for us (Hebrews 13:12-13). One should not miss the double entendre here, for this may also be interpreted as His death brought forth the Holy Spirit. Perhaps, it spoke to John of the high priest’s garment, which was also seamless. The four soldiers that led Jesus to Golgotha were allowed to keep the clothes and sandals of those condemned, but they cast lots similar to a dice game for his woven, one-piece, seamless undergarment (John 19:23). Josephus, the historian of the time, writes about the high priests clothing: “Now, this vesture was not composed of two pieces, nor was it sewed together upon the shoulders and the sides, but it was one long vestment so woven as to have an aperture for the neck.” Christ, our High Priest, wore the undergarment to the place of atonement. The Gospel of John recalls the sacrifice of the Passover Lamb in Exodus 12 in this passage. His back and most of His body was a bloody mass: blood dripped from His head crowned with thorns; blood dripped from His hands and feet, and soon blood trickled from a gaping wound in His side as the soldier pierced Him with his spear (John 19:34). Luke 23:43. The whole life of Jesus is summarized in seven words on the cross. As if to emphasize his loneliness, Mark (15:40) even has his loved ones "looking on from afar." 12Many bulls surround me; strong bulls of Bashan encircle me. Condemned to death by Pontius Pilate, he carried his Cross up the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem to Calvary, was nailed to the cross, and hung between two common criminals. The middle cross was usually the ringleader's place. It was the supreme sacrifice that secured our salvation. We can presume that he died at some point. Ignoring his own suffering, Jesus responds with mercy in His second word, living out his own Beatitude, "Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy." Let's look at the importance, meaning and explaination behind what Jesus said. John's account does not mention this, but Matthew records unusual darkness that came over the Earth for three hours. It was unusual for a man to be led to the place of crucifixion, for usually a man condemned was forced through much resistance to the place of crucifixion. John's account does not mention this, but Matthew records unusual darkness that came over the Earth for three hours, "Now from the sixth hour there occurred darkness over all the land until the ninth hour" (Matthew 27:45). The Way of the Cross. And in John, the inscription at the head of the cross is pointedly written "Jesus of Nazareth, The King of the Jews" (John 19:19). Some friends intervened on his behalf and were finally able to obtain a pardon for him from President Andrew Jackson. We will now think about the seven last sayings of Christ on the cross. 7th Saying: As this shout was still ringing around Golgotha, His last words, His seventh saying from the cross was spoken, "Father, I entrust my spirit into your hands!" Here's David's prophecy as it relates to those who scorned Christ while He suffered: 7All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads. SermonSearch.com is an online resource for sermon outlines and preaching ideas. What sorrow must fill Mary's heart! However, Jesus had committed no crime. In fact, this passage indicates that Jesus was the only child of Mary, because if he did have natural brothers or sisters, they would have provided for her. Detailed scholarly assessments of this material also appear frequently. We cannot escape the cross. Mark tells us that the bitter drink was Myrrh (Mark 15:23), a mild narcotic. St. Joseph was not present at family occasions like the Wedding Feast of Cana and had probably died before the public ministry of Jesus, or else he would have been the one to take care of Mary following the Passion of Our Lord. One other saying appears both in the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Mark, and another is only directly quote… may not perish but have eternal life." The loved ones of Jesus are with Him in John's Gospel. There is also one mediator between God and the human race, Christ Jesus, himself human, who gave himself as ransom for all" (I Timothy 2:5-6). We all have to make choices as to which one we wish to be like at our death. 4th Saying: Jesus then cried out His fourth statement while on the cross: "My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?" The terms brother and sister in Hebrew or Aramaic at that time could mean either biological sibling, cousin or kinsman, or a spiritual brother or sister. He feels separated from his Father. He's the king of Israel! When a man's debt was paid, it was tetelestai. He addresses his third word to his mother Mary and John, the only eye-witness of the Gospel writers. After first asking for "a drink," he answers the woman, âEveryone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, but those who drink of the water that I will give them will never be thirsty. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained" (John 20:22-23). He was in the center as if He were the worst. At the height of his physical suffering, his love prevails and He asks His Father to forgive! George Wilson must be hanged. so that, free from sin, we might live for righteousness. Now it is not just the … This darkness was not due to an eclipse because an eclipse cannot last longer than seven and a half minutes; whereas, this darkness lasted for three hours. 24"Let's not tear it," they said to one another. The above painting is meant to capture the moment. “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.” (Luke 23:34) Christ’s first words from … In fact, each saying is pregnant with special personal and theological meaning and significance. Baker Academic, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2015. Jesus remained in control to the end, and it is He who handed over his Spirit. Each person to be crucified would have a squad of four soldiers, a quaternion, one on either side of Him. One is struck by the anguished tone of this expression in contrast to the first three words of Jesus. Jesus Speaks to the Criminal on the Cross. John 19:30… Let him deliver him, since he delights in him." Evil triumphs, as Jesus admits: "But this is your hour" (Luke 22:53). In John, there is no trial before the Sanhedrin, but rather Jesus is introduced at the Roman trial as "Behold your King!" This was granted because even at the hour of his death, the criminal had expressed his faith in Jesus, recognizing Him for who He was (Luke 23:42). Jesus fulfills His own mission and that of His Father on the Cross: "For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, "What I have written, I have written" (John 19:22). At the Last Supper, Christ announces he would ask the Father to send "another Advocate to be with you always, the Spirit of truth" (14:16-17). Now it is not just the religious leaders or the soldiers that mock Jesus, but even one of the criminals, a downward progression of mockery. But Jesus looks to John to care for her. "Father, I entrust my spirit into your hands!" This indictment would create fear in the people who read it so that all would think twice before committing a similar crime. Garden City Books, Garden City, New York, 1952. This cry is from the painful heart of the human Jesus who must feel deserted by His Father and the Holy Spirit, not to mention his earthly companions the disciples, who "all left him and fled" (Matthew 26:56, Mark 14:50). The Scriptures, though, demanded that those hung from a tree were to be taken down by nightfall (Deuteronomy 21:22-23). This turning away was the most painful time of the crucifixion. Luke 23:43. No! "Now from the sixth hour there occurred darkness over all the land until the ninth hour" (Matthew 27:45). Just as the first word, this Biblical expression is found only in the Gospel of Luke. And the Gospels as a group captured this paradox. The word Advocate is also translated as Comforter, Helper, Paraclete, or Counselor. He is about to be engulfed in the raging sea of sin. All the words of Christ’s were powerful words of life although His seven last sayings as He died for us are worth our reflection. Jesus was obedient to His Father to the end, and his final word before his death on the Cross was a prayer to His Father. Pilate himself proclaimed that he found no fault in Christ and may have put this inscription on the cross of Jesus as a cruel jest to taunt the Jews. Luke 23:43. The Jewish elders were incensed by this and tried to get the sign changed to say that Jesus had said that He was the King of the Jews. Josephus, the historian, recorded that more than 256,000 lambs were sacrificed for the Passover celebration in 66 A.D. For that many lambs to be prepared, all the priests were busy at their work as the Lamb of God was crucified for the true Passover. And even following his Resurrection, his first act is to commission his disciples to forgive: "Receive the Holy Spirit. Save yourself and us!" It is only John that gives us the one word in Greek, tetelestai. You might think they’re simply the normal responses of a dying man, and if you thought that, you would be wrong. 18They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing (Psalm 22:1, 6-8, 12-18). The sixth word is Jesus' recognition that his suffering is over and his task is completed. Then he said to the disciple: "This is your mother." The Gospel of Life, the encyclical Evangelium Vitae, Times Books, New York, March 25, 1995. A second reason for Gordon's Calvary being a possible place was because the shape of the location looks like a skull. What an invitation! Jesus recalls Psalm 31:5 - "Into thy hands I commend my spirit; thou hast redeemed me, O Lord, faithful God." "Behold I make all things new" Jesus Speaks to the Criminal on the Cross. To tear it would have been a waste, so they cast lots for it. As the above prophecy states, Jesus hung there in terrible pain, praying for those who were gathered and watching. Mark tells us that the bitter drink was Myrrh (Mark 15:23), a mild narcotic. Again, this was something that God had foretold through the prophet King David, i.e., one of David’s descendants would become king but would be despised and scorned by men. These prophetic writings speak as a testimony to the authenticity of the Holy Scriptures foretold hundreds of years before they happened so that, when the events happened, we might realize the truth of the Scriptures and place our faith in God and His Messiah, Jesus. Christ became the Paschal or Passover Lamb, as noted by St. Paul: "For Christ our Passover lamb has been sacrificed" (First Corinthians 5:7). Here are excerpts from Psalms 22: 1My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? His fourth Word is the opening line of Psalm 22, and thus his cry from the Cross recalls the cry of Israel, and of all innocent persons who suffer. There is evidence for both as well as suggestions as to why the place was so named. One is that there was a legend that Adam's skull was buried there. The relationship of Jesus to the Father is revealed in the Gospel of John, for He remarked, "The Father and I are one" (10:30), and again at the Last Supper: "Do you not believe I am in the Father and the Father is in me? Jesus fights to raise Himself to get even one short breath. It is in defeat of his humanity that the Divine plan of His Father will be completed. The Bible book of Luke records the final words of Jesus before he died on the cross. When the Israelites were slaves to Pharaoh and Egypt, the means of deliverance was the blood of a pure and perfect lamb whose blood was to be shed and placed in a basin at the bottom of the door. As Jesus felt that the time had come, the three Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) tell us that Jesus shouted out loudly, but they do not tell us what He shouted. 1 Navarre Revised Standard Version of the Holy Bible. It is worth noting that the anointed priest of Israel had to completely burn up the sin offering of Israel, i.e., the sacrificial burnt offering, outside the camp (Leviticus 4:21). Another striking phrase indicating Jesus of Nazareth was an only child is Mark 6:3, referring to Jesus: "Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and the brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon, and are not his sisters here with us?" But is not this exactly what happens to all of us when we die? (John 1935) Let him deliver him, since he delights in him." They are gathered from the four Canonical Gospels. The seven sayings form part of a Christian meditation that is often used during Lent, Holy Week and Good Friday. Jesus also thirsts in a spiritual sense. Alba House, Staten Island, New York, 1989. "Forgive them" … 5th Saying: Jesus then spoke the fifth saying: This statement was also prophesied by King David, saying. John 19:26-27, Jesus and Mary are together again, at the beginning of his ministry in Cana and now at the end of his public ministry at the foot of the Cross. Again, prophecies written hundreds of years before were fulfilled: John 19:28: I thirst. When Jesus tasted it, He spat it out. The Father who dwells in me is doing his works" (14:10). The lambs were roasted, and all of the lamb for the household was consumed that night (Exodus 12:8-10). "It is finished!" 7th Saying: As this shout was still ringing around Golgotha, His last words, His seventh saying from the cross was spoken. He died at the ninth hour (three o'clock in the afternoon), about the same time as the Passover lambs were slaughtered in the Temple. So every year, we listen to a preaching about the 7 last words of Jesus on the cross. But, when he was informed of this, George Wilson refused to accept the pardon! No wonder Christ shouted. The wounds inflicted upon him in the scourging, the crowning with thorns, losing blood on the three-hour walk through the city of Jerusalem on the Via Dolorosa to Golgotha, and the nailing upon the cross are now taking their toll. We don't know Pilate's motive for keeping the sign the way it was written, but Jesus' Lordship was proclaimed from the cross. They did not realize that their eternal destiny hung in the balance, i.e., that everything depended upon this act of selfless love. Spasmodically, He was able to push Himself upward to exhale and bring in the life-giving oxygen…Hours of this limitless pain, cycles of twisting, joint-rending cramps, intermittent partial asphyxiation, searing pain as tissue is torn from His lacerated back as He moves up and down against the rough timber. Is it heavy upon you? Again, prophecies written hundreds of years before were fulfilled: Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. The Messiah has paid your debt for you, but until you receive accept and receive the pardon, you remain in your sin, carrying that burden that He died to remove from you. He committed them to one another to comfort one another when He was gone. “having forgiven us all our transgressions, 14having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross” (Colossians 2:13b-14). If you ever doubted the love and compassion of God, you should memorize those words. It was just an ordinary day for them. “Jesus shared seven last thoughts as he died that contain a wealth of meaning we should not forget or neglect. "Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise." In Last Words: Seven Sayings from the Heart of Christ on the Cross, Robert J. Nash devotes his literary skill to exploring, explaining, and applying the final words of Jesus during His crucifixion. Christ Jesus died on the Cross to redeem mankind, to save us from our sins because of his love for us. And then she had to watch him being nailed to the Cross. This turning away was the most painful time of the crucifixion. It wasn't long before His critics gathered around Him, breathing out their curses and scorn: 39Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads 40and saying, "You who are going to destroy the temple and build it in three days, save yourself! Whatever you do with the matter of Christ's sacrifice, know that this does require a response. He forgives the paralytic at Capernaum (Mark 2:3-12), the sinful woman who anointed him in the home of Simon the Pharisee (Luke 7:37-48), and the adulteress caught in the act and about to be stoned (John 8:1-11). (John 19:30). The Gospel of John first refers to thirst when Jesus meets the Samaritan woman at the well. One of the two robbers crucified with Him joined in the scorning while the other was repentant: The life of the Lord Jesus causes a division in humanity: "Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters” (Matthew 12:30). Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb. John 19:30. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. Now, let us consider the timing of His death. The writer prophesied that the Messiah would be offered sour wine (vinegar) mixed with gall. The Hour of Jesus: The Passion and Resurrection of Jesus. 41In the same way the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders mocked him. 40But the other criminal rebuked him. 7 Martin F, Wright WM. The innocent Lamb of God bore in His body our sin and did away with it. The Stations of the Cross are: (1) Pilate condemns Jesus to death; (2) Jesus takes up his Cross; (3) He falls the first time; (4) Jesus meets his sorrowful mother Mary; (5) Simon of Cyrene is pressed into service to help Jesus carry his cross; (6) Veronica wipes his face with her veil; (7) He falls the second time; (8) Jesus consoles the women of Jerusalem; (9) He falls the third time; (10) Jesus is stripped of his garments; (11) Jesus is nailed to the cross; (12) Jesus Christ dies on the cross; (13) Our Lord is taken down from the cross; (14) Christ is laid in the tomb. I would remind you that salvation is bestowed to the believer as a gift, not by any works of righteousness we have done (Titus 3:5, Ephesians 2:8-9). "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do." Jesus cried out in a loud voice, 15My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death. The crossbeam, the patibulum, was then tied to His shoulders, and Matthew wrote: “They led Him away to crucify Him” (Matthew 27:31). 13Roaring lions tearing their prey open their mouths wide against me. Some attribute King David to be the writer of Psalm 69. The life of the Lord Jesus causes a division in humanity: "Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters” (Matthew 12:30). None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning. It might be the Pharisees and Sadducees who were the recipients of his plea for mercy. It is only John that gives us the one word in Greek. It was not so with Jesus; again, he was fulfilling Scripture: “He was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth” (Isaiah 53:7). Two criminals, guilty and deserving of death, … 43He trusts in God. This darkness was not due to an eclipse because an eclipse cannot last longer than seven and a half minutes; whereas, this darkness lasted for three hours. As Jesus hung on the Cross, he uttered seven last words of great meaning to those who contemplate his Passion and Death. Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34. Christ's purpose in coming was to die on the cross in place of guilty humanity. John, the one disciple mentioned at the cross, was commanded to care for Mary as if she was his own mother. Seven 7 words of Jesus on the cross - Explanation of Jesus. 4 Pope John Paul II. "Let's decide by lot who will get it." Many can't understand such grace given to the penitent thief for he never had time to do any good works, nor was he baptized, but Christ said that his faith in Jesus that day was sufficient. (Mark 15:34). By Wayne Reynolds, Pastor The lesson this month is a word of victory, as declared in John 19:30, "When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost." Jesus of Nazareth is looking down from the cross just after he was crucified between two criminals. John presents Jesus as directing the action the entire way. "He himself bore our sins in his body upon the cross, 19Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. The piercing of his side fulfills the prophecy in Zechariah 12:10: "They will look on me whom they have pierced." When Jesus tasted it, He spat it out. We don't hear of Mary's husband, Joseph, being around during Jesus' ministry. 5th Saying: Jesus then spoke the fifth saying: "I am thirsty" (John 19:28). 12Many bulls surround me; strong bulls of Bashan encircle me. This picture shows us the indifference of the world to Christ. Jesus fought for every breath by pushing His body upon the spikes in His feet, using for leverage the little piece of wood. As the weight of the body hung on the nails, the pain would have been unbearable with the wrists putting pressure on the median nerves. The innocent Lamb was slain for our sins, so that we might be forgiven. The Roman method of crucifixion would often last for days, and they would let the bodies decompose on the cross as a warning to others. As He pushed Himself up, the gaping wounds in His back scraped against the wooden upright. We cannot escape the cross. Christ spent approximately six hours on the cross, from around 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m., with darkness descending on the cross around noon. Luke repeatedly pleads Jesus' innocence: with Pilate (Luke 23:4, 14-15, 22), through Dismas the criminal (by legend) (Luke 23:41), and immediately after His death with the centurion - "Now when the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God and said, "Certainly this man was innocent" (Luke 23:47). After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfill the Scripture), “I thirst.” Luke 23:34 ESV / 14 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. Translated as it is finished in many translations in English, this is not a shout of weariness, but a great victory. Jesus told the repentant thief that he would be with Him in paradise that very day. It read: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. 7All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads: 8"He trusts in the LORD; let the LORD rescue him. When Jesus refused the mild narcotic, myrrh (Mark 15:23), they laid Him down on the, There is some evidence that suggests that, in some instances, there were four spikes used, with the feet nailed separately to the upright. Jesus asks his Father to forgive, but it is by His very Sacrifice on the Cross that mankind is able to be forgiven! 42Then he said, "Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom." A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus' lips (John 19:29). Hyssop is a small plant that was used to sprinkle the blood of the Passover Lamb on the doorposts of the Hebrews (Exodus 12:22). So, George Wilson was executed, although his pardon lay on the sheriff's desk. Led him away to crucify him. Christ on the Passion and death sacrifice, know that the bitter was! Found guilty, and it is finished in many translations in English this... 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